Umami Information by Food

Umami Information by Food

List of Umami-rich food

Please understand the scores vary because of individual specificity and seasonality of samples.

Glutamate is naturally present in most foods, such as meat, seafood and vegetables. Two kinds of nucleotides that contribute most to the umami taste, inosinate and guanylate, are also present in many foods. Inosinate is found primarily in meat and fish whereas guanylate is more abundant in the mushroom family such as dried shiitake mushrooms. In addition, the umami scores in foods are found to increase due to maturation. Tomatoes and cured ham are typical of this. Due to maturation, the glutamate in tomatoes increases and reaches its highest when tomatoes turn very red.

A combination of ingredients to promote their Synergistic effect

Umami-rich Ingredients

Ingredients Glutamate Inosinate Guanylate
Seaweed
Rausu kombu 2290〜3380
Ma kombu 1610〜3200
Rishiri kombu 1490〜1980
Hidaka kombu 1260〜1340
Naga kombu 240〜1400
Nori 550~1350 1~40 3~80
Wakame 2~50
Tea
Green tea 220〜670
Vegetables,
Beans,
Potatoes
Tomatoes 150〜250
Dried Tomatoes 650〜 1140 10
Green peas 110
Lotus root 100
Garlic 100
Corn 70〜110
Shungiku 80
Soy Beans 70〜80
Fava beans 60〜80
Chinese Cabbage 40〜90
Potatoes 30〜100
Sweet Potato 60
Spinach 50〜70
Carrot 40〜80
Bamboo shoots 14〜90
Asparagus 30〜50
Daikon 30〜70
Cabbage 30〜50
Onion 20〜50
Green Onion 20〜50
Broccoli 30〜60
Celery 20〜30
Burdock root 20
Ginger 20
Mushrooms
Dried shiitake mushroom 1060 150
Shiitake mushroom 70
Shimeji mushroom 140
Enoki Mushroom 90 50
(heated)
Common Mushroom 40~110
Truffles 60~80
Seafood
Scallop 140
Shrimp/Prawn 120 90
Uni(sea urchin) 100
Japanese littleneck clam 90
Niboshi 40〜50 350~800
Katsuobushi 30〜40 470〜700
Frozen shelled shrimp 15〜30
Squid 20~30 0.2
Octopus 20~30
Hamachi 5~9 230~290
Sardine 10~20 280
Tuna 1~10 250〜360
Sea Bream 10 180~300
Aji(Horse mackerel) 4~13 270~330
Bonito 1~10 130~270
Sawara 3~11 250〜280
Mackerel 10~30 130~280
Cod 5~10 180
Oyster 40~150 20
Clam 210
Mussel 110
Dried shirasu(Whitebait) 40 240
Anchovies 630 0
Salted squid 620
Caviar 80 0
Ikura 20 2
Egg and 
Meats
Chicken eggs 20
Pork 10 230
Chicken 20〜50 150〜230
Beef 10 80
Dry-Cured Hams 340
Dairy Products
Parmigiano Regianno
(Italy, hard type)
1200〜1680
Emmental Cheese 310
Cheddar Cheese 180
Fermented 
Products
Natto 140
Nampla 950
Oyster sauce 900
Soy sauce 400~1700
Miso 200~700
Kimchi 240